Xylophone Music in Africa
Video: Bobobo (play play play) music performed at an Ewe funeral in Ketu, Volta Region.
Video: Belendi Saanti performing his composition Den Den Chene (Straight to the Point), in Vondiel.
Photo: Birifor pit xylophone in Tuna, Northern Region.
Photo: Hausa musician playing a xylophone in Cameroon circa 1914. Private collection, used with permission.
Photo: Hans Holbein's Dance of Death (1523), one of the earliest European depictions of a xylophone.
Photo: Xylophone ensemble from Cameroon circa 1914. Private collection, used with permission.
Photo: Bɔgyil ensemble with gaŋgaa and kuur (out of frame) in Saru, Northern Region.
Video: Bɔgyil ensemble in Donyɛ, featuring several members of the Vuur family.
Photo: Vuur Sandaar applying a mirliton to a kogyil in his workshop in Donyɛ.
Audio: Approximate Western tunings of C and G fifteen key kogyile, and of kogyile made by Tijaan Dorwana and Vuur Sandaar.
Trans: Approximate Western tunings of C and G fifteen key kogyile, and of kogyile made by Tijaan Dorwana and Vuur Sandaar.
Averaged Tuning of the Birifor kogyil compiled by Larry Godsey (1980).
J.H. Kwabena Nketia saying a eulogy for Kakraba Lobi at Kawo Kudi park in Accra.
Photo: The typical grip of Birifor xylophonists.
Reenactment of the Hunt at the 2009 Kobine festival in Lawra.
Photo: Bewaa group performing at the Kobine festival in Lawra, Upper West Region.
Photo: Detail of the Dagara kuor calabash drum, Lawra.
Photo: Detail of Birifor instruments, (clockwise) kogyil, gaŋgaa, lar, and kuur.
Audio: Audio of gaŋgaa, lar, and kuur variations.
Trans: Transcription of gaŋgaa, lar, and kuur variations.
Audio: Ganda Yina as a programed arrangement.
Trans: Score of Ganda Yina.
Audio: Saan Fo Dan Tara Ferai as a programed arrangement.
Trans: Excerpt of Saan Fo Dan Tara Ferai.
Audio: Saan Yi Kyena Dakpolo as a programed arrangement.
Trans: Excerpt of Saan Yi Kyena Dakpolo.
Photo: Detail of modern (top) and traditional (bottom) Birifor xylophone mallets.